Liquidity Profitability Trade-off: Evidence from Medium Enterprises

Stevanović, Slavica and Minović, Jelena and Ljumović, Isidora (2019) Liquidity Profitability Trade-off: Evidence from Medium Enterprises. Management: Journal of Sustainable Business and Management Solutions in Emerging Economies, 24 (3). pp. 71-80. ISSN 1820-0222

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Research Question: This paper examines the impact of liquidity on the profitability of the Serbian polluting medium sized enterprises. Motivation: We study the impact of traditional liquidity indicators and indicators based on the cash flow on profitability. In domestic literature, a contribution in the field of financial stability analysis based on cash-flow is rare, consequently we use cash flow indicators as a liquidity measure. The focus of this paper is on the medium sized enterprises in Serbia being the major sources of environmental pollution. Medium-sized enterprises are the main drivers of economic growth. For improving environmental performance and applying technologies and processes that meet environmental requirements, it is necessary that the liquidity and profitability positions should be improved. The progress in the area of environmental protection is a relevant part of the accession process of Serbia to the EU. Idea: The idea of this paper was to empirically examine the liquidity profitability trade-off of selected enterprises. The research was conducted using return on assets as the dependent variable, three liquidity ratios and three cash flow based indicators as independent variables. Data: The financial analysis is based on the sample of 48 polluting medium-sized enterprises for the period 2010-2015. The official financial statements were taken from the Serbian Business Registers Agency. The data are used on an annual basis. Tools: We tested the panel regression model of profitability with the total number of observations being 288. We estimated the unbalanced panel because our dataset had missing values. We used the standard pooled OLS estimator. Before we estimated panel regression model, we did a stationarity and cointegration analysis of sample data. Findings: The results show a significant impact of quick liquidity ratio, cash flow operating margin and cash flow investing margin on profitability measured by return on assets. However, there are no significant effects of the current liquidity ratio, the operating cash flow liquidity ratio and the cash flow financing margin on profitability. The conclusions of our paper refer to the selected enterprises in the observed periods. Contribution: This paper contributes to the literature concerning liquidity and profitability analysis, since we use cash flow indicators as a liquidity measure.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: COBISS.ID=512585058
Uncontrolled Keywords: liquidity, profitability, cash flow, financial analysis, polluting medium enterprises
Research Department: Business Economics
Depositing User: Jelena Banovic
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2019 14:43
Last Modified: 18 May 2020 10:03

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